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The Roman conquest

The Roman conquest

The Roman conquest

The history of relations between Rome and Sardinia began long before the moment when, in 238 BC, the island passed under the direct rule of the Romans, and then became - in 227 BC - a new province of Rome.

It is likely that already in the 6th century BC, the first treaty between Rome and Carthage established the possibility for Rome to exercise its commercial trade in Sardinia. In the 4th century BC, it can be assumed that the Roman colony of Feronia (Posada) was founded on the east coast of the island.

It is the second treaty between Rome and Carthage (348 BC) that prohibits the Romans from accessing and founding cities in Sardinia.

The end of the First Punic War, which ended with the victory of Rome over Carthage, determined the passage of Sardinia under Roman rule.

The passage was not part of the clauses of the peace treaty signed in 241 BC, but it resulted from Rome's decision to join the request for help from the Carthage mercenaries stationed in Sardinia, who rebelled because of the impossibility for Carthage to meet their requests for payment.

In 227 Rome created a new province comprising Corsica, Sardinia and the surrounding islands. Thus, Rome's effective control over Sardinia is formally sanctioned, which will remain Roman rule until the passage (which took place between 460 and 467 AD) under the control of the Vandals.


20/9/2023 - 10:59


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